Sensory properties of the skin covering human and primate hands are unique in the animal world in terms of complexity and ability to extract information. The hand’s exquisite sensitivity depends to a large extent on its motion relative to the objects it touches or manipulates. Tactile motion is analysed using mechanisms we do not understand, and the aim of the proposed research is to contribute to their better understanding. We use psychophysical and neurophysiological methods to study adaptation to motion in touch. This is basic research that contributes to the knowledge underlying applications in the fields of clinical neurology, robotics and virtual reality systems.